El Informe Planeta Vivo 2016, producido por la Organización Mundial de la Naturaleza (WW F), advierte que las poblaciones de vida silvestre podrían disminuir en un 67% para 2020. Solo entre 1970 y 2012 las poblaciones de peces, aves, mamíferos, anfibios y reptiles del mundo disminuyeron en 58 % debido a la pérdida de hábitat, degradación y sobreexplotación de los recursos naturales.
In 40 years (1970-2012) The biodiversity of freshwater was the most affected, with a reduction of 81%. In this same period, the populations of terrestrial species suffered a decline of 38% and the marinas of 36%. The alert publication that we are passing “El Anthropocene”, an era characterized by the global impact of human action on the ecosystem that can trigger in a sixth extinction. One third of the sharks, the stripes and the guitar fish could be extinguished due mainly to the overfishing.
At 2020, the trend could worsen, with a potential reduction of two-thirds of wildlife. In parallel, that same year the commitments made by 195 countries will begin to be implemented at the Paris Conference of the Parties (2015), which, together with the international conservation goals, are expected to help to achieve the necessary reforms in the Food, energy and finance production systems to protect wildlife around the world.
Today atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide (CO2), methane and nitrous oxide are at the highest level of the last 800,000 years and the burning of fossil fuels, which currently accounts for almost 80% of global energy consumption, is the most Important climate change. For its part, agriculture occupies about 1/3 of the total surface of the land and accounts for almost 70% of human water consumption. Unsustainable agricultural and fishing practices are decreasing natural capital, and the ecosystem services provided by land are declining at a faster rate than is regenerated. It takes 1.6 planets to meet the current levels of human consumption.
“Wildlife is disappearing at an unprecedented pace ” warns Marco Lambertini, CEO of W.W. F International, and adds: “The positive thing is that we have the tools to act immediately immediately for the preservation of a living planet For our own survival and prosperity “